NORTH SLOPE CHILLER TERMS
AIR COOLED: An air cooled condensing coil. When refrigerant is in the evaporator it absorbs heat from the fluid being cooled. This heat is removed from the system in the condenser. In an air cooled system the refrigerant flows through series of tubes and forced air blows over the tubes and cools the fluid.
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE: The surrounding temperature of a system.
BRAZED PLATE HEAT EXCHANGER: The most efficient heat transfer device for the size. Manufactured by brazing multiple plates together and creating separate fluid paths between the plates. A Brazed plate heat exchanger accommodates maximum surface area between two fluids to maximize heat transfer potential.
Chiller: A device used to remove heat from a fluid.
COMPRESSOR: A device that increases the pressure of the refrigerant.
CONDENSER: Removes heat from high pressure refrigerant until the refrigerant condenses into a liquid form.
CONDENSER FAN: The condenser fan is a fan that is coupled to the condensing coil. The fan forces air over the coils to remove heat from the refrigerant.
COOLING CAPACITY: the measured ability of a cooling system to remove heat
COP – COEFFICIENT OF PERFORMANCE: All refrigeration systems have a coefficient of performance. It is an indication of how efficiently your system is removing heat
EVAPORATOR: In the evaporator heat is removed from the fluid being cooled and transferred to the refrigerant. The refrigerant enters the evaporator as a low pressure liquid and as it absorbs heat it evaporates and exits as a low pressure gas.
EXPANSION VALVE: Capillary tube is a type of throttling device used in refrigeration to create a pressure differential between the high side and the low side. There is a pin in the valve that moves based upon measured temperature and pressure exiting the evaporator. The TXV works to maintain a constant super heat
FILL PORT: Before running a chiller it needs to be full of fluid. The fill port is an opening that goes directly into the reservoir. This is where you add fluid to the reservoir.
FILTER: removes particles from the air
FLOW RATE: The amount of fluid moving through a system. On the refrigeration side it would be the mass of refrigerant flowing through the system. On the fluid side it would be the amount of fluid flowing through the pipes. Most people are interested in the flow rate on the fluid side and it is usually measured in gallons per minute or liters per minute
FLUID CIRCUIT: The circuit that moves process fluid through the chiller
FLUID LEVEL INDICATOR: Maintaining a proper fluid level is critical to processes and preventing damage to internal components. All of North Slope Chillers come with a fluid level indicator that makes it easy to see how much fluid is in the reservoir.
FLUXWRAP: A wrap placed around an object, internally circulating cooling fluid such as water and glycol. Used to transfer heat to or from an object.
GLYCOL: A chemical added to water to decrease the freezing point of the combined fluid. Also helps prevent bacterial growth and corrosion.
HEAT EXCHANGER: A device that transfers energy (heat) from one space to another
HEAT LOAD: Amount of heat being removed from a space
PRESSURE GAUGE: The pressure gauge is tied into the fluid outlet of the chiller. During operation it will tell you what the pressure is exiting the chiller.
PUMP: Moves the process fluid through the chiller. Chillers often use either fixed displacement or centrifugal pumps
REFRIGERATION CIRCUIT: The system that removes heat from the fluid
REFRIGERANT: Chemicals that are used to transfer heat from one area to another during the refrigeration cycle, specifically designed to evaporate and condense at set temperatures and pressures
SET POINT: This is the desired temperature of the fluid exiting the chiller
SUBMERSED COPPER COIL: A type of heat exchanger where the coil is dropped directly into the fluid being cooled. Refrigerant can be pumped through the coil and use the coil as an evaporator or a water glycol mix can be pumped through the coil
SUCTION ACCUMULATOR: Compressors, a critical component in refrigeration, are designed to only handle gas. In some systems there can be a small chance of liquid refrigerant hitting the compressor. If this is the case a suction accumulator to the chiller will collect any liquid refrigerant before it hits the compressor. Once inside the suction accumulator the liquid refrigerant will evaporate back into a gas and then renter the compressor.
TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER: A temperature controller actively monitors fluid temperature and will turn on and off the refrigeration circuit as needed to maintain the desired fluid temperature
TEMPERATURE DIFFERENTIAL: the difference between the current temperature of your water and the needed temperature of your water.
WATER COOLED: A water cooled condensing coil. When refrigerant is in the evaporator it absorbs heat from the fluid being cooled. This heat is removed from the system in the condenser. In a water cooled system the refrigerant flows through series of tubes and water flows over those tubes and absorbs the heat. The water circulates to a cooling tower where that heat is removed.